SPC/GIZ Regional REDD+ Project.
Forest Conservation in the Pacific Island Countries.

FCPF Capacity Building on REDD+ for CSO’s and LCs in East Asia and the Pacific Region

ANSAB (Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources) is one of the many recipients for the FCPF (Forest Carbon Partnership Facility – World Bank) – Capacity Building on REDD+ for Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and Local Communities (LCs) in the East Asia & Pacific region. ANSAB had to execute REDD+ capacity building sub-projects to countries like Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Fiji and Vanuatu. #ANSAB organized a three day workshop in Kathmandu, Nepal from August 5-7, 2019 and the workshop brought together civil society and local community organizations who were sub-grantees, REDD+ focal points from FCPF countries in Asia-Pacific, CSO observers and development agencies. The workshop entailed a regional first-hand learning and sharing of experiences from the CSOs implementing the REDD+ Capacity Building sub-projects.

 

In Fiji, the grant was given to local NGO – Grace Trifam Ministry (GTM) who is a member of the REDD+ CSO Platform. GTM presented on Day 1 that they had undertaken REDD+ awareness to 14 Tikinas (Districts) in Fiji. These included : Viti Levu -Tokaimalo (Raviravi), Nabobuco (Naqelewai ), Naqarawai (Naqarawai), Qaliyalatina (Nakoroboya), Dawasamu (Nasinu), Vanua Levu – Lekutu (Namuavoivoi), Wailevu East (Levuka), Maritime Islands – Lovoni (Ovalau Is), Mudu (Koro Is), Vanuaso (Gau Is), Nakasaleka (Kadavu Is), Naviti (Yasawa Is), Rabi & Kioa Is & Lakeba (Lakeba Is).

 

Attending this workshop is Mr Ilaitia Leitabu (landowner/LC rep), Ms Reama Naco (REDD+ Unit Fiji), Mr Sele & Safaira Tagivuni (GTM). The first day looked at participants being distributed into the three regions – that is East Asia, South East Asia & the Pacific. The groups discussed the role of women in the REDD+ process and the role of CSOs and Local Communities in the REDD+ process. We then looked at the gaps and barriers that disallowed CSOs/LCs and women from participating in the REDD+ process.

 

For the Pacific: barriers included : Scattered and remote communities. Over simplification of the word communities. Clans and tribes & then you have family groups – Ownership rights, User rights, Lease rights e.g. PNG You have 10 clans then sub clans.  Disconnect between Government – sustainable development policy e.g. In Fiji  – Min. of Agriculture, Min. of Rural & Maritime VS Min. of Forestry – Different policies, programmes – Conflicting Sustainable livelihoods e.g. women more worried about food and getting firewood for cooking. Disconnect between National, Provincial, Divisional Agencies with Communities, Settlements & Villages Understanding of REDD+ at community level is still very slow. Government has to meet requirements and standards for e.g. FCPF Readiness phase so implementation has to be quick and communities often forgotten/left out due to lack of TIME.  Understanding of REDD+ at community level changes due to community members moving (rural to urban drift). Community needs to see tangible results.  Carbon Funding vs Non Carbon Funding Carbon Benefits vs Non Carbon Benefits No investment portfolio yet for REDD+ not just in monetary terms but also in Ecosystem Payment Services. Uncertainty of REDD+ Benefits (Returns in terms of economic, Ecosystem payment services etc.). Education – critical gap; plays a role in promoting awareness especially to CSO & women in REDD+ process – Include it in Curriculum, Conduct Teacher Trainings.

Source:

Reama Naco

Communications and Knowledge Management Specialist, Fiji REDD+, attending the workshop.